Bissextile

Bissextile

bäiˈsekstīl

Adjective

  • (Of a year) Having the extra day (29 February) of a leap year.

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Example Sentences

“According to her numerology chart, it was good luck to get married in a bissextile year.”

“Since he was born in a bissextile year, his mother joked that he got his driver’s license when he was 4 years old.”

“Embrace the bissextile year, and do something out of the ordinary on the extra day every four years.”

Word Origin

Latin, late 14th century

Why this word?

Mark this one on your calendar — “bissextile” is a fancy word to describe a leap year. The word “bissextile” comes from Latin, with “bis” meaning “twice” and “sextus” meaning “sixth.” When the calendar reads February 29, the word “sixth” might not make much sense, but under the Julian calendar, the extra day was the sixth day before the beginning of March. We have to add this extra day because the Earth travels around the sun in 365 days and a little bit less than a quarter of a full day. Throughout history, various calendars either eventually lagged behind, or added in extra random dates to catch up. Under the current Gregorian calendar, the extra time is accounted for by inserting an extra day into February in the bissextile year (every four years). Since it is just a hair less than a full quarter of a day, the Gregorian calendar accounts for this with one more rule. Centenary years are bissextile years only if they are divisible by 400. (For example, 2000 had a February 29, but 2100, 2200, and 2300 will not.)

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ˌaˌnaɡˈnôrəsəs